when were security cameras invented

When Were Security Cameras Invented?

Surveillance systems are everywhere, from banks and stores to offices, schools, and homes. Today, there are two main types of security cameras—CCTV and IP cameras. Both provide protection against theft and vandalism but differ in how they connect to networks, how much data is stored on them, and how long footage can be retained.

The invention and development of security cameras have revolutionized how we handle surveillance today. Nowadays, We have access to powerful technology that enables us to monitor our homes, businesses, and public spaces more effectively. Security cameras have become a staple in modern life, but when were security cameras invented? Well, that depends on the type of camera.

The Origins of Cameras

The origins of security cameras can be traced back to the invention of the first motion picture camera by Eadweard Muybridge in 1878. His design, called the zoopraxiscope, is considered an early prototype of what would eventually become a motion picture camera. Thomas Edison and William Dickson followed this up with their experiments, culminating in the first public demonstration of a motion picture camera in 1893.

In 1895, French brothers Auguste and Louis Lumiere screened the world’s first movie for a paying audience. This ushered in the era of modern filmmaking and inspired the development of other types of cameras, including security cameras.

Who Invented Security Cameras?

Russian physicist Léon Theremin developed the earliest form of CCTV in June 1927. This early system featured mechanical rotation and enabled the user to remotely track a subject’s movements using controls operated from another location. In 1942 Siemens AG set up an early CCTV system at Test Stand VII in Peenemünde, Nazi Germany, allowing them to observe the launch of V-2 rockets.

The first commercial closed-circuit television system became available in 1949 under Vericon. This was followed by the release of AXIS Neteye 200—the first centralized IP camera—in 1996 by Axis Communications. This paved the way for modern security cameras with features such as motion detection and night vision.

The First Surveillance System

Fifteen years after Theremin developed a surveillance system in the Soviet Union, Walter Bruch invented the first one of its kind. This device allowed Nazi military and scientists to observe V-2 rocket launches at Peenemunde Airfield from afar. Subsequently, the American army adopted this same technology for testing atomic bombs.

Yet this early device couldn’t store what it was viewing, so it wasn’t a very good security camera unless someone was watching the monitor all the time. The ability to capture video for later viewing or playback wouldn’t be available until much later.

The First Security Camera

In 1949, Vericon made the first commercially available CCTV systems. Vericon was a U.S. contractor that sold the technology for basic live monitoring.

In 1953, during Queen Elizabeth II’s coronation in the United Kingdom, CCTV systems were used for safety and security monitoring. This implementation of cameras on London streets inspired other cities, such as New York, to follow suit with their surveillance systems installed along various city blocks. To this day, these technologies are used when members of the Royal Family appear at public events to ensure everyone’s safety and well-being.

In 1969, Marie Van Brittan Brown of Queens, New York, revolutionized residential security with her patented system. With a device designed by herself and her husband, homeowners could now use CCTV to watch visitors from another room in their house while hearing the person’s speech. This innovative invention inspired modern home security systems that we still rely on for safety and peace of mind.

How Videocassette Technology Popularized Surveillance Systems

In the 1970s, new technologies were introduced, allowing users to record video signals onto a cassette. Before this, CCTV cameras could only be monitored in real-time and could not store their recordings for later viewing.

The introduction of videocassettes revolutionized the CCTV industry. As they were smaller and cheaper than traditional reels, a plastic case enclosed the recording tape, which meant cassettes could be quickly and easily switched out. This allowed surveillance camera operators to record longer periods without constantly switching out tapes or discs.

Security Cameras in the Current Era

Since the introduction of videocassettes, CCTV technology has seen many advancements. Now, security cameras feature advanced features such as motion detection, high-definition video resolution, night vision, and facial recognition software. These technologies have made surveillance systems more effective and reliable than ever before.

With the increasing prevalence of digital devices in our lives, Wi-Fi-enabled cameras are becoming more popular due to their ease of use and ability to connect with other digital devices in our homes or offices. This makes it easier for users to monitor their environment from anywhere using their smartphone or computer.

Ensure You Have the Right System in Place

MAX Video & Security specializes in custom-designed security camera systems. We offer the latest technologies, experienced technicians, and high-quality customer service to ensure your surveillance system is up and running quickly and reliably.

Our experts can help you decide on the best cameras, recording devices, and other components for your specific needs. From remote access to live monitoring, we have the know-how and expertise to ensure your property is protected with the highest level of security. Contact us today to get started on your custom surveillance system installation!